The annual Democracy Index compiled by The Economist Intelligence Unit and published on Wednesday, January 9, 2019, ranked Algeria in 126th place out of the 167 countries evaluated.
As part of this ranking, Algeria, was ranked in the authoritarian regimes category. Ranking 9th in the North Africa and MENA region, whilst falling behind Tunisia (63rd) and Morocco (100th).
The areas where Algeria was assessed and scored were: 2.58 points for the electoral process, 2.21 in the functioning of the government, 3 89 in political participation, 5 in political culture and 3.82 in civil liberties.
However, the authors of the study, held that only 20 countries in the world have a democratic regime. These include the countries at the top of the ranking, including Norway (9.87 points), Iceland (9.58), Sweden (9.39), New Zealand ( 9,26), Denmark (9,22), Canada (9,15), Ireland (9,15), Finland (9,14) and Australia (9,09). France was described as been an “imperfect democracy“.
A decline since 2015
More worryingly, the data from previous years suggests that since 2015, Algeria has seen its score drop in the different areas assessed:
In 2015, Algeria scored an average of 3.95, an improvement from the previous year. In 2016 and 2017, the same score was maintained, followed by a drop bringing the country to 3.50 in 2018.
The data comes at an important time, months away from the presidential election and contradicts the regime’s narrative.